Acne is one of the most unfortunate skin conditions, beginning during teenage years and potentially lasting through the 20’s and 30’s of peoples life. Luckily there are affordable and effective ways to quickly and painlessly treat acne, producing results which can reintroduce the confidence many people lose when suffering the effects of acne.
The causes and treatment for acne can vary from person to person. A combination of different acne treatments is often required for an individual patient. Our doctors will assess your needs before recommending one or more of the following: acne friendly skin care, prescription medications, deep cleansing facials, skin peels, microdermabrasion or laser treatment.
There is usually no downtime, though you might see some light flaking after certain peels.
You will first need a consultation with one of our doctors. (Medicare rebates apply)
Come visit our Heber Davis in Sydney, the best skin clinic in the area, to get amazing acne treatment for your skin. Our professional skin specialists will provide you with results that will leave you feeling completely renewed.
What is acne?
Acne is a disorder of the hair follicles and sebaceous glands. Acne begins with blocked pores which become infected and progresses to pimples and/or cysts which can leave permanent scarring.
Acne is very common. 90% of the population are affected by acne at some time. It most often begins in puberty.
Treatment of Active Acne
The goal of acne treatment is to prevent or minimise scarring and relieve symptoms. Which type of treatment you need will be determined by the severity of your acne.
Topical medications to treat acne:
Benzoyl peroxide: kills the bacteria (P.acnes) and reduces oil production
Prescription topical antibiotics: helps stop or slow down the growth of P. acnes and reduces inflammation
Prescription preparations containing Vitamin A stop the development of new acne lesions (comedones) and encourage cell turnover, unplugging pimples
Azelaic acid: helps stop or slow down the growth of P. acnes and reduces inflammation
Oral medications to treat acne:
Oral antibiotics. These are often used to treat acne and many patients stay on these medications for some months. They have an excellent safety record in acne patients.
Hormonal medications. For females, certain contraceptive pills and similar hormones can be useful in controlling acne in selected patients
Oral vitamin A
This is the most effective prescription treatment for severe cystic acne and is a saviour for many patients with significant acne. It will virtually always control acne, even in cases where other treatments have failed. It can only be prescribed by dermatologists, as it requires their knowledge and expertise to be used correctly. It reduces the size of the sebaceous glands that produce the skin oil, and makes the pores less easily blocked, thereby reducing the development of acne lesions. Like all medications, it has potential side-effects and these will be discussed with you to assess your suitability for this treatment.
Treatments to accelerate recovery from acne
We offer a number of treatments that help manage acne by interrupting the acne cycle at one or more points.
Deep cleansing facials extract deep seated white heads and black heads before they become infected and inflammed, skin peels exfoliate the uppermost layers of the skin, helping to prevent the congestion that leads to acne, microdermabrasion is like taking your skin to the cleaner. A diamond brush and suction buff and polish your skin for a fresher complexion with fewer breakouts. Manual extractions are included if needed and a lactic peel is added to deeply cleanse pores, releasing the congestion that can lead to acne. Laser treatment for acne deeply cleanses congested pores, shrinks overactive sebaceous glands, stimulates new cell growth to minimise enlarged pores and removes the outermost layer of dead skin cells that can contribute to the congestion that triggers the acne cycle.
What causes acne?
During puberty, levels of male sex hormones, called androgens, rise in both boys and girls. Androgens activate the sebaceous, or oil, glands in our skin, causing them to produce more oil, or sebum. Dried oil, dead skin cells, and bacteria accumulate and block to flow of new oil to the surface of the skin, creating collections in the skin which we see as white heads or black heads. When follicles become blocked, skin bacteria (called Propionibacterium acnes, or P. acnes) begin to grow inside the follicles, causing inflammation, pimples and infection.
Other factors playing a role in acne include the following:
- hormone level changes during the menstrual cycle in women
- certain medications (such as corticosteroids)
- oil and grease from the scalp, mineral or cooking oil, and certain cosmetics
- friction or pressure from helmets, backpacks, or tight collars
- environmental conditions (such as humidity)
- Acne can be aggravated by squeezing the pimples or by scrubbing the skin too hard.
What are the symptoms of acne?
Acne can occur anywhere on the body. However, acne most often appears in areas where there is a high concentration of sebaceous glands: face, chest, upper back, shoulders, neck
The following are the most common symptoms of acne. However, each person may experience symptoms differently:
- pus-filled lesions that may be painful
- nodules (solid, raised bumps)
Acne Scarring Treatments
Prevention is better than cure. Active acne should be treated aggressively, as above, and for as long as necessary to prevent acne scarring.
Acne scarring can be significantly improved with persistent treatment. Acne scars come in a variety of forms – including ‘ice-pick’, box car, rolling, raised or hypertrophic, and red or white scars – each of which responds best to a particular treatment. Treatment options include laser, subcision, fillers and skin needling. Treatment of acne scarring almost always requires repeated treatments over a number of months for best results.
An ounce of prevention…….
Treating acne early, and for as long as necessary, is the only sure way to prevent or limit acne scarring. Acne scarring usually results from severe cases of nodular or cystic acne. These types of acne penetrate deeply into the skin where eruption unleashes trapped bacteria that damage surrounding collagen tissue. Scarring occurs when collagen attempts to regrow, but does so in a disorganised manner, disrupting the natural healing process of the skin. Even with treatment, acne scarring can rarely be eliminated completely, which means early treatment of acne is crucial to reducing the long term risk of scarring. A combination of over the counter or prescription acne treatments, good cosmeceutical skin care and cosmetic treatments such as microdermabrasion and/or light peeling, help prevent acne scarring developing for the majority of sufferers.