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Rosacea

Rosacea

What is Rosacea?

Rosacea is a common skin disorder that causes red patches, pimples, bumps and burst capillaries on the face. In some cases it can also affect the eyes. Rosacea can occur at any age but is most likely to start in fair skinned people in their 30s and 40s. It can also affect people with skin of colour.

The first symptoms of rosacea are a tendency to blush (facial flushing) which becomes more frequent and more noticeable. Some things such as alcohol, which causes redness in most people, are likely to cause a more rapid and prolonged flushing or redness in people with rosacea. Eventually the redness of the face becomes constant, only changing in intensity. The area’s most likely to be effected are over the nose and cheeks, but it can affect the whole face, ears and neck.
With more intense than usual skin redness there may also appear, small, dilated blood vessels known as telangiectases. Sometimes referred to as burst capillaries, these telangiectases are seen as a fine red pattern just below the surface of the skin. Inflamed red bumps, often appearing with yellow heads, in a pattern similar to the redness can develop. As individual bumps go away new ones appear and the overall appearance can be similar to teenage acne. Skin may become more sensitive and easily irritated.

Some people who are more severely affected may find the texture of the skin changes and thickens in some areas, developing an orange peel feel. Localised lumpy swelling may form, particularly over the nose causing a disfigurement known as rhynophyma.

What causes Rosacea?

Frustrating for skin experts and rosacea sufferers alike, the cause of rosacea remains unknown a theory is that it’s caused by an overabundance of the demodex mites – microscopic bugs that live within the skins follicles. This may play a role but case studies have proven that when the demodex was treated only a small percentage of improvement was found. It may be that the demodex flourish and multiply when the skin is inflamed.

What triggers Rosacea?

What we do know is there are aggravating factors, such as:

  • Sudden change in temperature
  • Hot drinks
  • Hot baths and saunas
  • Stress
  • Exercise
  • Alcohol
  • Medication

The list of foods which can trigger rosacea of flushing and burning is long and varied from person to person, however these are the most prevalent worth avoiding if you are prone to inflammation after eating them.

  • Hot temperature food
  • Spicy
  • Soy sauce
  • Vinegar
  • Chocolate
  • Beans (broad-leaf) and pods
  • Avocados
  • Spinach Hot temperature food
  • Spicy
  • Soy sauce
  • Vinegar
  • Chocolate
  • Beans (broad-leaf) and pods
  • Avocados
  • Spinach
  • Yoghurt
  • Tomatoes
  • Bananas
  • Liver
  • Vanilla and alcoholic flavour extracts
  • Cinnamon
  • Figs
  • Foods containing tyramine , like bananas, some cheeses and vegemite.
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